Why Sudan
Sudan has a strategic location in the heart of the African continent. Its borders are bordered by seven African and Arab countries: Egypt, Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, the Federal Republic of Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Sudan has desert climate in the north, while the rich Savannah and poor Savannah are found in western and central Sudan. The period from March to July is at a high temperature ranging from 42 to 27 and temperatures begin to decline at the start of the rainy season in July, which lasts until October, and the weather is mild during the period from November to February where the temperature ranges between 28 degrees Celsius Day and 16 ° C at night.

working hours
Institutions, ministries and the government sector open at 7:30 am to 2:30 pm, while banks and other financial institutions open at 8:30 am to 1:00 pm.
Capital: Khartoum
The capital of Sudan is comprises three cities: that are Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman. It is the national and federal capital of the country, where the ministries, government offices are located. The federal capital is located at the confluence of the Blue Nile and the White Nile and has been officially declared as the capital of Arab culture for year 2005. Sudan also has important cities such as Port Sudan, “Sudan’s main sea port”, as well as state capitals such as Dongola, El Fasher, Nyala, & Wad Madani, Obeid, Gadarif and Damazin.
Economic indicators:
  • GDP is $ 13 billion.
  • Per capita income is $ 380.
  • Economic Growth Rate 6.2%
  • Inflation rate 5.6%
Agricultural sector:
  • Agricultural land 200 million acres.
  • Agricultural land 200 million acres.
Main agricultural products:
Cotton – sesame – peanuts – sun flower – millet – Hibiscuses
Banking Sector:
  • Number of banks: 26 banks.
  • Loan and Credits portfolio: $ 459 million.
  • The deposit portfolio is $ 97 million.
Demographic and Social Indicators:
  • The proportion of Sudan’s population under the age of 15 is 42%.
  • The number of students enrolled in institutions of higher education is about 300,000
  • Number of public universities 26 universities.
  • Number of private Universities and Colleges 36 Universities & colleges.
  • The length of Sudan Railways is about 5,901 km.
  • The road is about 11,000 miles long throughout the country,
  • Nile navigation is second in importance and the estimated length of waterway is about 3,000 nautical miles but navigable throughout the year about 1,500 miles.

Sudan is about 1.88 million square kilometers. This area is estimated at 8.3 percent of the total area of the African continent.


The population of Sudan is estimated at about 33.9 million people with a population growth rate of 2.6% annually. About 75% of the economically active population is engaged in agricultural production, both animal and vegetable. The percentage of the population under the age of 15 is around 42%, which means that Sudan is a young country and relies heavily on the next generation for the next ten years.

System of Government
The system of government is the federal system where the Sudan is divided into17 states and each state has wide legislative and executive powers. The state elects its legislative council, its cabinet and its state government.
Main exports:
  • Crude oil is $ 1.2 billion.
  • Gasoline $ 88 million.
  • Natural gas $ 420 million.
  • Cotton $ 45 million.
  • Gum Arabic 24 million.
  • Peanuts are $ 8.7 million.
  • Animal products $ 8 million.
  • Meat is $ 14 million.
  • Gold 39 million dollars.
  • Other $ 68 million.
  • Sudan’s average natural gum production is about 256.38 tons per year.
Main imports:
  • Inputs of agricultural production.
  • Electrical and electronic devices.
  • Building materials.
  • Medicines & Pharmaceutical substances.
  • Food products
  • Machineries and vehicles
Minerals Production:
Gold – chrome – gypsum – marble – silver and manganese.
Industrial Production:
Sugar, soft drinks, biscuits, sweets, starch and glucose, cement, tires, batteries, paints, textiles, ready-made clothes, shoes, refrigerators,
Investment climate
Believing the importance of creating an environment conducive to investment, the Federal Ministry of Investment in 2003, provided packages of advantages to investors – the enactment of the investment law in 1999 amended 2000, and other facilities to encourage investment in Sudan which focused on the following:
Drawing up general policies for investment activities in Sudan and developing plans and strategies necessary to attract investments.

  • Simplifying procedures by operating the single window system (one stop shop )
  • Expanding the investment base by attracting foreign and local capital in coordination with Sudanese free zones.
  • To benefit from the economic bodies especially the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), which has a population of about 350 million and increased trade through the Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (S&Y).